How to Treat an Ulcerative Colitis Flare

How to Treat an Ulcerative Colitis Flare?noresize

The great thing about the internet is that you have constant access to information on any topic you want to learn about. The bad thing about the internet is that it can be difficult to determine a credible source from a phony one. When it comes to finding information on how to best manage GI conditions like Ulcerative Colitis (UC), online information can often be contradicting and confusing. Thankfully, we’re up to date on the current research and recommendations to help you best manage your UC symptoms.

The tough part about ulcerative colitis management is that our recommendations are specifically tailored to your stage of ulcerative colitis- active (flare) or dormant (remission).

Ulcerative Colitis Stages

Ulcerative Colitis is an Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) that causes inflammation and ulcers in the large intestine and colon. There are two stages of Ulcerative Colitis, active flare and remission.

During an active flare, inflammation is worse and symptoms are active, while during remission, symptoms remain dormant. The goal of UC treatment and management is to achieve and maintain remission. While there are many treatment methods, diet therapy plays a primary role in UC management. Read more about how to manage UC through diet below.

Dietary Recommendations for UC

There are different dietary recommendations for each stage of UC, active and remission. Recommendations revolve around the amount of dietary fiber in your diet.


When UC is active, let your bowel rest as much as possible. Therefore, we recommend a low fiber, low residue diet:

  • Foods to Eat:
    • Low fiber fruit: bananas, cooked fruit, canned fruit
    • Non-cruciferous vegetables: asparagus, potatoes, cucumbers, carrots
    • Refined grain products: white pasta, white rice, white bread
    • Lean protein: fish, chicken, lean pork, eggs, tofu
  • Foods to avoid:
    • Fruits with seeds and skins
    • Dairy
    • Spicy food
    • Caffeine
    • Alcohol
    • High-fat foods: fried food, red meat, fast food


When UC is in remission, it’s important to eat a varied, nutrient-dense diet. Once symptoms have subsided, begin introducing new foods slowly to avoid irritation:

  • Foods to Reintroduce during Remission
    • Whole grains: oats, brown rice, whole wheat pasta, whole wheat bread
    • Legumes/nuts: beans, nuts, seeds
    • Fruits and vegetables: Reach for colorful, fresh fruits and vegetables. It can be helpful to remove the skin and seeds to avoid symptoms.
    • Dairy

Whenever possible, eat a diet rich in fiber and nutrients. However, when managing a condition like UC, you may need to make temporary dietary adjustments to relieve your symptoms. The key is to change your dietary intake based on your needs at the time.

Confused about how to manage your UC flare? Our team can help!



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