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Foods to Eat for Ulcerative Colitis

Foods to Eat for Ulcerative Colitis?noresize

If you have Ulcerative Colitis (UC), dietary changes are often the key to managing your condition long term. UC has two stages, active and remission. During periods of active symptoms, it’s important to follow a short-term low fiber diet to allow your gut to heal.

As your symptoms subside, slowly reintroduce high fiber foods back into your diet to ensure you’re receiving adequate nutrition. Adjusting your diet to the stage of your condition can be confusing and difficult to navigate effectively. We recommend working with your doctor and a dietitian to closely monitor how your diet is affecting your UC.

In general, the foods you eat during a flare should be bland, low in fiber and easy to digest. Foods with a lot of spice and flavor can cause irritation in your gut, so we recommend sticking to lightly seasoned foods as much as possible. In addition, fiber, although a necessary component of a healthy diet, is hard to digest. We recommend sticking to low fiber foods to allow your body to heal the inflammation in your gut. Each person’s body will heal at a different pace, so the length of time you will need to follow a low-fiber diet differs from person to person. Your dietitian can help you better understand how your body is reacting to the dietary changes you’ve made and when it’s appropriate to reintroduce the foods you’ve eliminated.

Foods to eat for UC are listed below.

Protein

We recommend eating lean protein options as high fat foods can be more difficult to digest and absorb and can worsen symptoms.

Fish: Salmon, tilapia, flounder

Shellfish: Shrimp, scallops

Lean cuts of pork

White poultry

Eggs

Tofu

Fruit

Fruit tolerance varies among people with IBD, and choosing low fiber fruits that are easier to digest can help ease symptoms. Removing the skin and seeds can also help reduce fiber content and ease digestion.

Bananas

Cantaloupe

Honeydew

Canned fruit

Cooked fruit- apple sauce

Vegetables

Vegetables are also high in fiber. We recommend removing the skin and seeds and cooking vegetables until tender to make these foods more tolerable. We also recommend avoiding cruciferous vegetables to avoid excess gas production.

Asparagus tips

Potatoes

Cucumbers

Squash

Grains

Choose refined grains when you’re symptomatic because these products may be easier to digest.

White bread

White rice

White pasta

Cereal

Oatmeal

Although there are specific foods that tend to be more well-tolerated than others during a UC flare, it’s important to remember that each person is different. The goal is to identify which foods trigger your symptoms and avoid them until you start to feel better.

Food elimination is also meant to be temporary to avoid any long-term nutrient deficiencies. If you’re unsure about how to safely alter your diet based on the stage of your condition, we recommend working with a dietitian.

Read more about how a dietitian can help with UC on our main page!

 

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